Root canal treatment
Untreated extensive caries lesions or traumatic damage to the teeth may cause irreversible changes to the dental pulp. With these changes, pain and spontaneous painful experience may manifest thermal irritation of teeth. These cases require endodontic treatment, i.e. root canal treatment. Endodontic treatment involves a treatment of a tooth with infected pulp or infected tissue around the top of the root canal. The treatment includes the removal of disease affected pulp from the root canal, the shaping and cleaning of the root canal system using adequate instruments and medications and application of materials for root canal filling.
The main purpose of the endodontic treatment is the preservation of the infected tooth or at least its root to restore the physiological functions of the tooth by using appropriate conservative or prosthetic restoration.